Preface - Home Page
Part I: History & Legends
Part II: The Vision
Different Streams Come Together
Part III: Structure & Plans
The Preliminary Permaculture Design
Projects And People
The Intentional Community
Building Intentional Community
The Physical Structure
1. Structures (Prioritized A-C)
2. People On The Land
Activities Within The Structure
Part IV: Community Integration
Cultural Heritage Recuperation
Part V: Finances & Legal Structure
Progression of Planning/Completion Phases
Part VI: Contact Info. & Appendix
Letters Of Intention
19.5 degrees north and south are the latitudes where the apex points of a star tetrahedral within a sphere will contact that sphere's surface, when one apex is positioned at the north or south pole.
On the Sun: sunspot activity and the region of peak temperatures is limited to 19.5 degreees north and south. On Venus: the presumably active major volcano complexes Alpha and Beta Regio are near 19.5 degrees.
On Earth: Mauna Loa, Hawaii (19 degrees 28 minutes N, 155 degrees 37 minutes W) The largest shield volcano is at 19.6 degrees north. This is Mauna-Kea volcano on the island of Hawaii.
Mexico City, Mexico (19 degrees 23 minutes N, 99 degrees 10 minutes W) The Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan is at 19.6 degrees north.
Dzibalchen, (Yucatan), Mexico (19 degrees 28 minutes N, 89 degrees 46 minutes W)
Georgetown, Grand Cayman Island (19 degrees 18 minutes N, 81 degrees 26 minutes W)
Mount Emi Koussi, Chad, Africa (19 degrees 47 minutes N, 18 degrees 34 minutes E)
Mount Kalsubai, (near Bombay), India (19 degrees 33 minutes N, 73 degrees 43 minutes E)
Mountain near Xiangkhoang, Laos (19 degrees 17 minutes N, 103 degrees 17 minutes E)
Mountain near Potosi, Bolivia (19 degrees 13 minutes S, 66 degrees 22 minutes W)
Yasur Volcano, Tanna Island, Vanuatu (South Pacific Ocean) (19 degrees 31 minutes S, 169 degrees 25 minutes E)
Mount Samuel, Northwest Territory, Australia (19 degrees 13 minutes S, 134 degrees 8 minutes E)
Gweru, Zimbabwe, Africa (19 degrees 31 minutes S, 29 degrees 49 minutes E)
On Mars: the "vast" Olympus Mons shield cone volcano is at 19.5 degrees.
On Jupiter: the "red spot" which is an obvious vortex is at 19.5 degrees.
On Neptune: in 1986 Voyager II discovered a similar spot at 19.5 degrees north.
The word "permaculture" was coined in 1978 by Bill Mollison, an Australian ecologist, and one of his students, David Holmgren. It is a contraction of "permanent agriculture" or "permanent culture."
Permaculture is about designing ecological human habitats and food production systems. It is a land use and community building movement which strives for the harmonious integration of human dwellings, microclimate, annual and perennial plants, animals, soils, and water into stable, productive communities. The focus is not on these elements themselves, but rather on the relationships created among them by the way we place them in the landscape. This synergy is further enhanced by mimicking patterns found in nature.
A central theme in permaculture is the design of ecological landscapes that produce food. Emphasis is placed on multi-use plants, cultural practices such as sheet mulching and trellising, and the integration of animals to recycle nutrients and graze weeds.
However, permaculture entails much more than just food production. Energy-efficient buildings, waste water treatment, recycling, and land stewardship in general are other important components of permaculture. More recently, permaculture has expanded its purview to include economic and social structures that support the evolution and development of more permanent communities, such as co-housing projects and eco-villages. As such, permaculture design concepts are applicable to urban as well as rural settings, and are appropriate for single households as well as whole farms and villages.
"Integrated farming" and "ecological engineering" are terms sometimes used to describe perma-culture, with "cultivated ecology" perhaps coming the closest. Though helpful, these terms alone do not capture the holistic nature of permaculture; thus, the following definitions are included here to provide additional insight.
Letters of Intention
ISLAND OUTPOST AND THE GREEN LAKE OHANA
Island Outpost (IO) is a Public Charity dedicated to raising the consciousness of our fellow humans in the arena of the inter-connectiveness of our global environment and our role as Stewards of Planet Earth. Our programs are based on the realization that the Island of Hawaii represents a scaled down analogue (fractal) of Planet Earth in its spectrum of natural environments, and as such the Big Island offers a heaven for those who wish to experience our global environment and tune their senses and souls to the Way, or Tao, of Planet Earth. The global analogue of Hawaii goes far beyond the natural environment and includes the complexities and challenges of our human habitat and the age-old question of how man ought to live in harmony with nature and one another.
Much of the IO program is based on what we call Environmental Vision Quests. These consist of outdoor, typically camping based, excursions into the myriad of natural environments offered in Hawaii where we explore nature from a rational scientific perspective integrated with walking and guided meditations where the observed natural order is used to set off a resonance in our intuitive minds and in our souls. We have found that this dance between the rational and intuitive can stimulate the ancient wisdom that lies within each of us and which can potentially guide us in our relationship with the environment and our fellow humans. We insist that the most sophisticated instrument in the known universe is the human nervous system, and that this system can be used to directly download the cosmic design from the natural environment, stars to sand grains. Another important aspect of the IO program focuses on the Human Habitat of the Big Island. IO participants are shown a Hawaii that contrasts sharply from the façade offered by the Vacation Resort Industry. We introduce our participants to local peoples and cottage industries which we believe reflect a truer Hawaii both in living practices and in the challenges of surviving the pressures of the Resort Industry and a growing Government Bureaucracy. Most of our participants have been high school and college level youths, but we also run adult and family programs. Our participants come to us with a sincere desire for the IO experience as stated. An integral part of our programs is to also offer an education on low impact comfortable camping on the Big Island, being mindful that minimalistic comfortable outdoor living is in itself an education in the Ways of Nature.
The IO people have had recurring dreams. One of these dreams is to establish a network of eco-friendly, low impact campsites and modest outdoor classroom facilities across the Island. Some progress has been made in realizing this dream by acquiring land near Volcano, out of which we can run our Peles Castle Vision Quests; and a small lot in the Puna Palisades out of which we run our Puna Coast Vision Quests. There is room for much growth for the manifestation of this dream. A second dream is to integrate our efforts with those on the Island which practice and teach Permaculture. The Founders of IO have for decades practiced some of the tenets of Permaculture. We feel that more formal ties are highly desirable. We feel that pillar IO Program insights like, for example, where does the solid Earth come from, how does the physiography of the Island interact with the Trade Winds to yield the most varied ecosystem known on Earth, and how does the precious soil of the Island evolve, can potentially contribute to formal Permaculture Programs. Likewise, close ties with formal Permaculture Programs will consummate the Human Habitat aspect of the IO program, and help address the question on how we ought to live.
The possibility of joining the Green Lake Ohana, so to speak, is an exciting possibility for IO folks. Green Lake is much like an Icon for IO. It itself is an island outpost on the Big Island., created by Pele hundreds of years ago, and recently spared by Pele during the Kapoho eruptions, as if she knew that it had great potential as a center, or outpost, for those who wish to propagate a sense of sacredness for the natural and for the human experience. The water of Green Lake is a clear symbol of the IO principle, being the manifestation of a complex web of interconnections between the Islands ground water system and the ocean. What IO could potentially gain by becoming part of the Green Lake Ohana cannot be measured. We hope that it would formalize our tie with the Permaculture folks of the Island, and thereby lead to the synergistic relationship outlined above. We see that it could potentially offer a showcase for the establishment of low impact comfortable camping and outdoor education centers that other groups, in addition to IO, could base other Eco-hospitality sites across the Island on. Most important is the magic of the land and the life that it supports. Such magic in the context of Permaculture-based human activities will greatly compliment the depth of the IO experience comparable to our Peles Castle, Waipio Valley, and Mauna Kea Summit experiences.
We feel that as part of the Green Lake Ohana IO could make some important contributions. Again the formalization of a synergistic tie with the Permaculture Family, as stated above, is perceived as a fundamental contribution. In the establishment of our Eco-hospitality sites the concept of building modest structures that upon seeing one may ask did that grow out of the ground?, is central to our mission and can be showcased as an example of eco-ethical living. IO also has access to some of the brightest young minds in the world. Some are destined for jobs in industry or academia, but some are also in search of the right environment to grow into a future Steward of Planet Earth. At present there are few options for these special young people. IO can serve as a channel to focus these individuals into the broader Green Lake Ohana. There are many other potential contributions that IO could make that deal more directly with the details of the Green Lake environment and its setting as part of the physical and biological island. Some of these could be from the rational-scientific perspective, and some from the human experience perspective. To give an example of the former concerns the chemistry of the Green Lake water itself. We would offer to oversee a regular program of sampling and analysis of the water including depth profiles. Analyses can be done commercially, but interpretation of the data over time is critical. Much can be gained about the understanding of our precious ground water system from such a program, and we have access to the worlds foremost geochemists and environmental engineers to assist in the data analysis. It is perhaps serendipity that the Green Lake jewel stands in the shadow of an Icon for the Economic-Industrial machine that threatens this Island and the Planet in general-the Geothermal Power Plant. Are the fluid recycling practices of the Plant truly working in isolation of the complex web of interconnections of the Islands ground water system as stated by those that operate the plant. The time integrated history of Green Lakes water chemistry may be the crucial test for this weakly supported assumption. IO would gladly oversee the interpretation of the data, and potentially the sampling program, on this important Island-wide issue.
Finally, IO would be honored to be part of the Stewardship cooperative with a mission of protecting the natural beauty and integrity of Green Lake, and establishing it as an example for the people of Puna and the greater Island on how good life can be if we listen to the Earth speak.
This statement has been prepared by Dr. Jason Saleeby, President and Director of Island Outpost. Jason has been a Professor of Geology at the California Institute of Technology since 1978. Prior to that he was a Professor at the University of California, Berkeley starting in 1975, the year that he received his Ph.D. in Geology and Geochemistry from the University of California, Santa Barbara. At Caltech Jason has taught extensively, supervised numerous Ph.D. students and led a vigorous research program in the exploration of Earth,s great mountain belts, faults and volcanoes. Jason has also worked extensively as a consultant for the Alaskan Branch of the U.S. Geological Survey. He has brought college students to the Island of Hawaii over the past 18 years to study Volcanology. In 1994 he co-founded Island Outpost and began developing and running Environmental Vision Quests on the Island. His dreams are for the growth and diversification of Island Outpost, and to have IO become the ultimate focus of his professional activities.
Also . . .
Aha Pünana Leo
The 'Aha Punana Leo, Inc. is a non-profit organization which was established in 1983 to serve the Hawaiian speaking community and focus on education through Hawaiian. Punana Leo preschools, the first Native American language immersion program in the United States, began the process of revitalizing Hawaiian in 1984 through full day programs conducted entirely in Hawaiian.